人教版八年级上Unit6英语同步单词/知识梳理/词汇句式精讲

发布时间:2021-11-11 01:02 阅读次数:
本文摘要:01Unit6 单词grow up 长大;成熟;发展computer programmer / prəʊgræmə(r)/盘算机法式设计员;编程人员cook /kʊk/ n.厨师v.烹饪;煮doctor /dɒktə(r)/,/ dɑ:ktə(r)/ 医生engineer / ,endʒɪnɪə/ ,/endʒɪnɪr/ 工程师violinist /vaɪəlɪnɪst/小提琴手driver / draɪvə(r)/ n.驾驶员;司机pilot /paɪlət/ n.航行员

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01Unit6 单词grow up 长大;成熟;发展computer programmer / 'prəʊgræmə(r)/盘算机法式设计员;编程人员cook /kʊk/ n.厨师v.烹饪;煮doctor /'dɒktə(r)/,/ 'dɑ:ktə(r)/ 医生engineer / ,endʒɪ'nɪə/ ,/endʒɪ'nɪr/ 工程师violinist /'vaɪə'lɪnɪst/小提琴手driver / 'draɪvə(r)/ n.驾驶员;司机pilot /'paɪlət/ n.航行员pianist /'pɪənɪst/ n.钢琴家scientist/'saɪəntɪst/ n.科学家 be sure about 确信;对……有掌握make sure 确保;查明college /' kɒlɪdʒ/,/'kɑ:lɪdʒ/ n.学院;大学;高等教育education /'edʒu'keɪʃn/ n.教育 medicine /'medsn, 'medɪsn / n.药;医学university /'ju:nɪ'vɜ:rsəti/ n.(综合性)大学;高等学府London / 'lʌndən/ 伦敦article /'ɑ:(r)tɪkl/ n.文章;论文send /send/ v.邮寄,发送resolution /,rezə'lu:ʃn/ n.刻意;决议team /ti: m/ n.队;组foreign /'fɔ:rən/ daj.外国的able /'eɪbl/ adj.能够be able to 能够做某事question / 'kwestʃən/ v.表现疑问;怀疑;提问;质询meaning /' mi:nɪŋ / n. 意义;意思discuss /dɪ'skʌs/ v.讨论,商量promise / prɒmɪs/,/ 'pr a: mɪs/ n.答应;信誉;v.许诺;答应beginning / bɪ'gɪnɪŋ / n.开头;开端at the beginning of 在……开始improve /ɪm'pruv/ v.革新,改善 write down 写下;记载下physical /'fɪzɪkl/ adj.身体的themselves / ðəm'selvz/ pron.他(她、它)们自己have to do with关于;与……有关系self-improvement/self ɪmp'ru:vmənt/ n.自我革新,;自我提高take up(尤指为消遣)学着做;开始做hobby / 'hɒbi/,/'hɑ:bi/ n.业余喜好weekly / 'wi:kli/ daj.&adv.每周的(地)schoolwork /'sku:lwɜ:k/ n.学校作业;作业agree / ə'gri:/ v.同意;赞成;允许agree with 同意own /oʊn/ adj&pron 自己的;本人的personal /'pɜ:(r)sənl/ adj.小我私家的;私人的relationship /rɪ'leɪʃnʃɪp/ n.关系;联系Andy /'ændi/ 安迪(男名)Ken /ken/ 肯(男名)Hemingway /'hemɪŋweɪ/ 海明威(姓)Kelly /'keli/ 凯莉(女名)The Old Man and the Sea 《老人与海》(美国作家海明威的小说)02Unit6 知识梳理Unit6. I’m going to study computer science.【重点短语】1、grow up 长大2、every day 天天3、be sure about 对某事确信4、make sure 确信/有掌握5、send…to…把…...发送到...…/把...…寄…...6、be able to 能/能够7、 the meaning of …...的意思/寄义8、 different kinds of 差别种类的9、have …..in common 有…配合点10、 at the beginning of 在…开始的时候11、write down 写下/记下12、 have to do with 与….有关系13、take up 开始从事/着手处置惩罚/接受14、 hardly ever 险些不15、too…to… 太......而不能......【重点句型】1. What do you want to be/ become when you grow up?当你长大的时候想当什么?2. I want to be a/an computer programmer/ bus driver/ basketball player/ engineer/ cook/ teacher/ pilot/ scientist/ doctor/ violinist/ pianist /actor /actress/ singer/ race car driver/ reporter我想当……(职业名称)3. My parents want me to be a doctor, but I’m not sure about that.我的双亲想要我当医生,但我还不确定。4. How are you going to do that?你计划怎样做呢?5. I’m going to practice basketball every day.我计划天天训练篮球。6. Where/ When are you going to study?你计划在哪儿/什么时候去学习?7. I know why you’re so good at writing stories.我知道你为什么如此擅长于写故事。

8. I’ m going to keep on writing stories.我计划坚持写故事。9. Not everyone knows what they want to be.不是每小我私家都知道他们想当什么?10. Just make sure you try your best.只要确信你尽了最大努力。11. Then you can be anything you want.那么你就可以当你想当的了。

12. For this reason, some people say the best resolution is to have no resolutions!由于这个原因,最好的刻意就是没有刻意。13. My New Year’s resolution is to get good grades.我的新年刻意是取得好结果。03词汇精讲1. grow upgrow up意为“长大;成熟;发展”。

例如: I grew up in Beijing. 我是在北京长大的。I want to be a football player when I grow up. 我长大后相当一名足球运发动。【拓展】(1)grow into意为“长大成为”。

例如: Mary grew into a beautiful girl.玛丽长成了一个漂亮的女人。(2)grow另有“种植;增长”的意思。例如: The farm grows all kinds of crops, such as rice, wheat and cotton. 这个农场种植种种各样的庄稼。

例如:稻谷、小麦和棉花。The population of the world is growing faster and faster. 世界人口增加得越来越快。

2. make suremake sure=be sure,意思是“确信”,它的后面可以跟that(可省略)引导的宾语从句、动词不定式或of短语。例如: I am sure of his guilt.我确定他有罪。I am sure to help you tomorrow.我明天一定会帮你。I am sure(that)he will achieve his goal. 我确定他会实现目的的。

3. educationeducation是名词,意为“教育;教育学”。例如: Everyone wants to have a good education. 每人都想有一个良好的教育。His lack of education is a disadvantage when he looks for a job. 他缺少教育,这在找事情时是一个倒霉条件。

【拓展】educational是形容词,意为“教育的,有教育意义的”,常作定语。例如: The staff should make sure the kids have an enjoyable and educational day. 老师们应该确保孩子们渡过愉快而有教育意义的一天。Several educational methods are being used at present. 许多种教育的方式现在正在被使用。

4. sendsend是及物动词,意为“寄,发送”,已往式和已往分词都是sent,其后能接双宾语,即send sb. sth.=send sth. to sb.。例如: He sent me a postcard. = He sent a postcard to me. 他寄给我一张明信片。【拓展】动词接双宾语时,有两种结构:(1) 动词 + 间接宾语(sb.) + 直接宾语(sth.)(2) 动词 + 直接宾语(sth.) + 介词(for/to) + 间接宾语(sb.)能接双宾语的动词可分为两类:(1)常用介词to的动词有:send; give; show; bring; show; teach; tell等。

例如: give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb.(2)常用介词for的动词有:buy; sing; make; cook; get等。例如: buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb.5. resolutionresolution为可数名词,意为“刻意;决议”,常与make形成牢固词组搭配:make a resolution意为“做决议;下刻意”。

例如: People write down their resolutions and plans for the coming year. 人们写下他们的刻意以及对来年的计划。He made a resolution to study hard. 他下刻意要努力学习。6. hobby hobby为可数名词,意为“业余喜好;兴趣”,其复数形式为hobbies。

例如: I collect stamps as a hobby. 我的喜好是收集邮票。My hobbies are letter writing, football, music, photography, and tennis. 我的业余喜好是写信、踢足球、听音乐、玩摄影和打网球。My hobby is to read books. 我的喜好是念书。7. agree withagree with意为“同意……;赞成……”,后面接表现人或表现“意见;看法”的词。

例如: She agreed with me. 她同意我的意见。I quite agree with what you said. 我完全同意你说的话。【拓展】(1)agree to意为“赞同;同意”,后面接表现“计划;提议;措施;摆设”等词,to是介词。

例如: They agree to my idea. 他们同意我的想法。Do you agree to this arrangement? 你同意这个摆设吗?(2)agree还可以用于that从句前,表现“同意;一致认为”。

例如: We all agreed that it was a good plan. 我们一致认为这是一项好计划。It was agreed that another meeting was necessary. 大家一致认为有须要再开一次会。8. personalpersonal是形容词,意为“小我私家的;私人的”。

例如: This is a personal letter. 这是一封私人信件。Can I ask you a personal question? 我可以问你一个私人问题吗?【拓展】personality是名词,意为“个性;性格”。例如: She has such a kind, friendly personality. 她个性善良友好。

It completely depends on your personality. 这完全由你的性格决议。9. improve improve是动词,意为“革新;改善;提高”。

例如: You’d better work out a plan to improve your writing skills. 你最好制定一个经心提高写作能力的计划。We haven’t discovered how to improve it. 我们还没找到如何革新它的措施。

【注意】improve的意思是“革新;使更好(make better)”,已包罗better之意,因而不能再与better连用。【拓展】improvement是名词,意为“改善;革新;提高”。

例如: This essay represents a considerable improvement on your recent work. 这篇论文说明你最近的事情取得了相当大的革新。10. discussdiscuss是动词,意为“讨论;商量”。

常用短语为:discuss sth. with sb.意为“和某人谈论某事”。例如: We discussed our plans for the new term. 我们讨论了我们的新学期计划。

You needn’t discuss this matter with me. 你不必和我讨论这件事。【注意】discuss一般不直接跟动词不定式作宾语,但可跟“疑问词+动词不定式”结构或从句。例如: They are discussing how to do it. 他们在讨论该怎么做这件事。

We discussed when we should leave. 我们商量了该什么时候动身。【拓展】argue与discuss的辨析 (1) argue着重于自己的看法、态度,提出论据,以理说服他人。

例如: There is no need arguing about the matter. 不必就此事辩说了。(2) discuss重在交流意见,举行讨论,不含有说服对方的身分。例如: We’re going to discuss the question. 我们计划讨论这个问题。04句式精讲1. have to do with…have to do with…意为“关于;和……有关系”,其同义句为“be to do with…”; 其否认句为“have nothing to do with…”意为“与……无关”。

例如: The accident was to do with his carelessness. 次事故与他的粗心有关。This book has to do with computers.这是一本关于电脑方面的书。

This matter had nothing to do with me. 这件事与我毫无关系。2. We make promises to other people.promise为可数名词,意为“答应,信誉”。

例如: Give me your promise that you'll never be late again. 允许我你绝不再迟到。promise常用的词组有: give/make a promise 许下信誉   keep a promise 信守信誉 carry out a promise 推行信誉   break a promise 违背信誉【拓展】promise作动词,意为“允诺,允许”。常用下列结构:(1) promise sb. sth.=promise sth. to sb. 例如: I can't give you the book, I've promised it to Suan. 我不能给你这本书,我已允许把它给苏珊了。

(2) promise to do sth. 例如: He promised to help us. 他允许资助我。(3) promise+that从句 例如: He promised me that he would be here at six. 他允许我他将在六点在这儿等我。3. have … in commonhave…in common意为“在……有配合之处。

”中间常加much,something,nothing等不定代词表现“有许多、一些配合之处或没有配合之处”。例如: They are brothers, but they have nothing in common. 他们虽然是兄弟,但却没有一点配合之处。

Their views have much in common with mine. 他们的看法跟我的有许多配合之处。【拓展】common另有“普通的,常见的,一般的(无比力级)”的意思。例如: It’s a common mistake. 这是常见的错误。The flower is common in spring这种花春天很常见4. There are different kinds of resolutions.kinds of 意为“多样的”,其中的kind为可数名词,意为“种类”;其常用搭配为:a kind of 意为“一种”;all kinds of 意为“种种各样的”。

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常用来修饰名词。例如: This is a kind of bird. 这是一种鸟。There are all kinds of birds in the tree. 树上有种种各样的鸟。

There are many kinds of fishes in the lake. 湖里有许多种鱼。【拓展】kind of意为“有点”,相当于“a little”。例如: I am kind of hungry. = I am a little hungry. 我有点饿了。

5. They are going to take up a hobby.take up意为“学着做;开始做”。例如: I want to take up painting during the holiday. 我想在假期学习绘画。He left a job in the city to take up farming. 他辞去都会的事情,开始务农。

Angela used to be a model and has decided to take it up again. 安杰拉以前当过模特,现已决议重操旧业了。【拓展】take up还可意为“占据;占用”。

例如: The table takes up too much room. 这张桌子太占地方。I don’t want to take up your time. 我不想占用您的时间。


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